Storage warehouses are essential for an organization’s product storage and distribution. The characteristics of the organization’s product determine what type of storage solution they invest in.

Warehouse storage systems must accommodate inventory’s unique dimensions, rotation requirements, and flow rate. Shelving systems, pallet rack storage, and automated storage systems are three of the most common warehouse storage solutions.

Each system requires workers with specific skill sets to operate and manage inventory efficiently. Learn about warehouse workers qualifications at Jobsfuel.com, a one-stop website for your job search. Using the Find Jobs feature you can filter your search by job title, keywords, city, or address to locate warehouse vacancies in your area. Once you find a position that interests you and matches your skillset, review the Jobsfuel.com blog posts for helpful tips. You’ll find guidance regarding how to format your resume, cover letter, and prepare for an interview. JobsFuel is a great job site not just for finding work opportunities, but also for staying informed on many employment-related topics.

Static Shelving Systems

Warehouses, garages, pharmacies, and food storage companies use shelving systems to optimize their storage space. They are ideal for storing small and light products. Mezzanine flooring in conjunction with shelving optimizes vertical space in a warehouse.

There are many kinds of shelf options ranging from anti-microbial wire shelving to cantilever racking. Most shelving systems are not built with material handling equipment, like a forklift, in mind.

Since the items stored in shelving are often light, they are handled directly by employees. Workers dealing with shelving storage systems need to learn the warehouse’s organization methods and have excellent attention to detail.

Cantilever racking is an exception because it can be built for either hand labourer access or material handling equipment. Cantilevers specialize in storing long items like lumber and piping. Warehouses that primarily use cantilever racking employ certified forklift operators and hand labourers.


Pallet Rack Storage

Large warehouse storage operations utilize pallet racking systems to store heavy inventory on pallets. The style of the pallet rack depends on whether an organization prioritizes density or accessibility.

High density

Push back racking increases density but decreases accessibility because only the front pallet load is retrievable. The pallets are stored in rows with multiple pallet loads per row. Push back racking is ideal for inventory that is last-in, first-out.

Pallet flow and carton flow racking are made for the opposite rotation method: First-in, first-out. This style of racking system is ideal for high volume flow because the needed pallets are always accessible in one location. Forklift operators efficiently locate the correct inventory, which keeps a warehouse on schedule.

High accessibility

Variations of selective pallet racking, such as drive-in racking and double-deep racking, prioritize inventory accessibility. Every pallet load is retrievable at any time. This is not an efficient use of floor space, but it is ideal for distribution centres with different products.

Drive-in racking and double-deep racking have aisles between racks to allow material handling equipment access to all pallets. Forklift operators locate the correct storage bay and retrieve the pallet for shipping or warehouse use.

Warehouses that use high accessibility pallet racks rely on efficient and safe forklift operators to retrieve inventory. Forklift certification is necessary to operate a forklift, and experience in a warehouse is essential to learning organizational systems. Since forklift operators are skilled workers critical to warehouse operations, they earn a higher median wage per hour than warehouse hand laborers.

Automated Storage Systems

Automated storage systems are a growing storage solution in warehouses and distribution centres. They use machines to assist in product storage and retrieval: This increases warehouse efficiency and worker safety.

Mobile shelving

Mobile shelving is a set of shelves placed on a motor-powered track. This increases storage density as aisles for product retrieval are available only when they need to be.

It also decreases product retrieval time because workers spend less time walking to the correct area. Mobile shelving outfitted with a put-to-light further increases worker efficiency by shining a light on the necessary storage bay.

This storage option is frequently seen in file storage and large pharmaceutical operations. No material operating equipment is necessary here, so the workforce primarily consists of hand labourers.

Vertical lift modules

Vertical lift modules (VLMs) are the most advanced automated storage system. Product trays are stored in a self-contained storage unit that has more than 50 feet of vertical space. Hand labourers have easy access to the whole unit’s inventory because a retrieval machine delivers trays to ergonomically placed access bays. This significantly cuts down on retrieval time and minimizes the chance of overexertion injuries.

Visual picking aids further boost worker efficiency by making it easy to locate products. Workers get product retrieval instructions from the VLM console, and then lasers indicate the important products. VLM’s also work with forklifts, cranes, and other material handling equipment if heavy inventory needs to be stored.

VLMs come with warehouse management systems that simplify warehouse management by tracking inventory and integrating with other applications. The warehouse management system increases product security with employee login codes and card reading add-ons.


Workers in Warehouse Storage Systems

Warehouse storage systems require specialized workers unique to each warehouse’s setup. Entry-level positions like stockers and order fillers are the most common and attainable roles for job seekers. They are used most in automated and shelving storage systems because material handling equipment is less standard.

Forklift operators are specialized warehouse employees that often start as hand labourers. Once they learn the warehouse organization and flow, they can become efficient forklift operators. Warehouse managers are the next step in job progression. They handle inventory management and worker relations.

Warehouse workers are currently in high demand as companies prioritize online sales and need efficient distribution centres. Warehouses need the correct storage system and the perfect mix of workers for optimal storage and retrieval operations.