This deals with the bacteria that are present and work in our digestive tracts. Prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics affect our health and nutrition. Through the development of modern technology and medical research, we learn new things each day. The concept of health and nutrition is ever-changing as new things are learnt each day.

About the Research:

The interaction between the bacteria in our body is vital to the performance of a system. Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium present in yoghurt are examples of probiotic bacteria. The food that we consume that facilitates the growth of the bacteria in the intestine is called prebiotics. Plant fibres, grains and legumes are some of the sources of the fuel. Most of the bacteria are present in the colon. They produce enzymes that digest the food. Without the bacteria, we are unable to digest any of these fibres. Eating a lot of vegetables and fruits can improve the growth of the bacteria and revitalize the intestines. Postbiotics is a new genre in research. The metabolic by-product of the probiotic bacteria is termed as postbiotics. Bacteria produce the enzymes and excrete into the intestine. The by-product which is essentially considered waste is the focal point of our digestion.

These bacteria also release compounds like Hydrogen Peroxide to protect us from pathogenic bacteria like Salmonella. Fatty acids are other by-products of the bacteria. Presence of more bacteria produces fatty acids like Acetic Acid that regulate blood sugar levels and gives your metabolism a modest boost. Another form of fatty acid produced by the bacteria is butyric acid. The acid rejuvenates the health of the colon cells. Post biotics is a vast field that cannot be studied in a day and understood. People need to perform a good research to understand this term and work accordingly.

A New Future

Learning and understanding postbiotics or the influences of the bacteria and taking actions to promote the growth is a big step towards the right path to the protection of health. The responses of the microbiome and its interaction in the study of postbiotics are the idea of the new research. Researchers have identified 800 post biotic compounds in our body. It is practical to identify the compound which is the by-product of the bacteria rather than taking count of the total bacteria’s present in the colon.

The outcome of postbiotics research is the possibility of injecting the by-products directly into our system instead of trying to alter the biome population with consumption of supplements or food. The field has a lot of potential in the modern world. Instead of adhering to transplants antibiotics can be directly administered into the body. Vinegar, butter and cheese are some of the food products that contain the by-products produced by the bacteria.

Following a diet with the limited inclusion of these products can be a supplement to what is produced in the colon. Continue to consume pre and post biotic food regularly to keep your system healthy.