Various Types Of Maintenance
Equipment maintenance is a very important component in keeping a business running without a hitch.

Although problems with machinery are inevitable, a specialist who understands its inner workings can quickly figure out the root cause and get it up and running. This is where maintenance specialists come in.

But despite the fact that maintenance jobs are indispensable across industries, they tend to be misinterpreted and misunderstood many times.

Here, we will discuss the distinctive categories, skillset, and kinds of cleaning & maintenance jobs that you may have never heard.

Categories Of Maintenance

Each organization has a different approach to implement a specific skillset. They have precise needs and deploy a flawless strategy to implement various types of industrial maintenance.

Let us start by discussing the nine main categories of maintenance jobs to be performed diligently by a maintenance engineer

Corrective Maintenance

This job is used in case of a defect in the machine. The main objective is to correct the flaw and restore the equipment to its normal working condition.

Preventive Maintenance

Preventive maintenance aims to lower the risk of a possible breakdown by keeping track of the history of failures and degradation of any component or machinery. This is based on hard facts and well-established programs on maintenance.

Preventive Maintenance

Condition-Based Maintenance

Condition-based maintenance is one of the most complex and complicated kinds of maintenance. A direct network is created to connect to the equipment, and it is continuously controlled.

Its main functions are to conduct rigorous check-ups of the state of the machinery, prevent failures and control efficiency, and other indicators of the system.

Predictive Maintenance

Predictive maintenance is implemented to anticipate any failure that can be costly or bring the business or production down. It entails relying on the crucial data entered by all the colleagues.

The job involves an intuitive and easy to use CMMS software, through which data is collected from all ends and technicians can predict breakdowns.

Pre-Determined Maintenance

This is a lesser-known category of maintenance which does not rely on the actual state of the equipment.

In this role, you need to apply the know-how of ‘failure mechanism’ and ‘mean time to failure’ on pre-determined programs set by the manufacturers of that equipment. The judgment of failure is based on past experiences.

Time-Based Maintenance

Time-based maintenance involves replacing or working on a piece of equipment to reinstate its productivity and reliability at a fixed interval.

Failure Finding Maintenance

This is conducted on protective functions to detect hidden failures and rectify them before the condition gets worse.

Risk-Based Maintenance

In this type of maintenance, a formal risk assessment is assigned and conducted to gauge risks regarding any part, machinery, gadget, technology, or equipment.

Condition-Based Maintenance

Instead of relying on age, this analysis is conducted on the condition of the equipment. Any resultant warning signs of failure are then monitored and worked on.

Types Of Skillsets

Maintenance jobs require a deep understanding of how things work and a systematic skillset which includes:

Technical Knowledge

Technical expertise is a must for improving processes and operations and has a major role in problem-solving. With changing times, the technician must upgrade his skillset and apply modern mechanisms to solve an issue and specialize in his field.

Personnel Management

Developing people management skills and leadership qualities will keep your team motivated and focused.

It is crucial to understand the proficiency of each member of your team and give them work that is in accordance with their respective talents.

Broad Perspective

For maintenance jobs, the technician must have the ability to see the bigger picture. Undermine the ‘Silo effect’ and broaden your horizon by considering the organization as one cohesive unit.

Great Communication Skills

Here, communication is more about listening than speaking. The maintenance personnel should pay heed to each situation and listen to all problems, reasons, and consequences and then finally start working on it.

Organizational And Prioritization Skills

Working on priority jobs leverages focus and power into it. With well-directed efforts, the organizational goals can be met by prioritizing the agenda and doing the right work at the right time.


Evaluating situations by being prejudiced can hamper the holistic development of the entire unit. Focusing on all aspects without any bias should be a priority, especially when it comes to team management.

Types Of Maintenance Jobs

While applying the above skillsets and techniques, there are various maintenance jobs that one can seek employment in:

Repair Work

This may require the same expertise as a licensed professional such as construction workers. It may include fixing bathroom accessories, repairing machinery, painting a room, installing a fixture, etc.

Routine Maintenance

The main tasks revolve around the upkeep of surroundings and environment, vigilance regarding inspections and monitoring exercises, and duties around procedures to perform as a daily chore.


Some repair and routine work may involve cleaning as part of the process. For example, after painting a room, you may be expected to sweep, mop, and clean it.

Management And Executive Roles

Large companies or multiple facility organizations may require people in the middle or top hierarchy to perform their roles as executive managers.

This is a job role involving huge authority and responsibility since it is the intermediary connection between the top and the bottom management.

If you are considering maintenance as a career path, take a look at this list of maintenance assistant job description:
  • Aircraft Mechanics
  • Automotive Body and Glass Repairers
  • Automotive Service Technicians and Mechanics
  • Computer, ATM, and Office Machine Repairers
  • Diesel Service Technicians and Mechanics
  • Electrical and Electronics Installers and Repairers
  • General Maintenance and Repair Workers
  • Heating, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Mechanics and Installers
  • Heavy Vehicle and Mobile Equipment Service Technicians
  • Home Appliance Repairers
  • Industrial Machinery Mechanics and Machinery Maintenance Workers
  • Line Installers and Repairers
  • Medical Appliance Technicians
  • Medical Equipment Repairers
  • Millwrights
  • Small Engine Mechanics
  • Telecommunications Equipment Installers and Repairers
  • Campus Maintenance Manager
  • Clinical Facilities Planning Manager
  • Custodial Manager
  • District Technical Service Manager
  • Electrical Superintendent
  • Estimating Manager
  • Facilities Director
  • Facilities Management Executive
  • Facility Manager
  • Facilities Planner
  • Facilities Supervisor
  • Field Operations Executive
  • Field Operator
  • Field Service Coordinator
  • Floor Technician
  • Head of Housekeeping
  • Housekeeping Manager
  • Housekeeping Supervisor
  • Maintenance Engineer
  • Personnel Manager
  • Installation & Maintenance Executive
  • Installation & Maintenance Technician Director
  • Lawn Service Manager
  • Maintenance and Service Manager
  • Maintenance Supervisor
  • Operations Manager
  • Pipeline Executive
  • Office Personnel
  • Production Supervisor
  • Property Manager
  • Security Director
  • Spares Coordinator
  • Wastewater Treatment Plant Manager


Maintenance jobs require skill, expertise, and formal education and training, making it a challenging position.

Continuous development in technology makes it a whole lot easier for maintenance specialists to succeed in their work. But attaining the right skillset and placing the right man at the right job is imperative.