stamping dies
The expression “stamping dies” is a general term for the tooling used to produce stamped parts. A stamping die set consists of male and female components that opposeboth forms and punch holes in the metal.

Stamping dies are the devices used in stamping machines. Each stamping machine can have one or more Stamping dies depending on the type of machine and its work. Stamping dies are the critical components in stamping machines that do the actual punching, casting, cutting, and shaping of the metal sheet.

The birth of Stamping dies.

Stamping is the process used to cut and form the metal sheet into a required contour with the help of a tool known as a stamping die. Custom sheet metal components are used widely, from your desktop to aircraft; all are manufactured using Stamping dies. The preliminary phase in the stamping tool and die making is stamping die design, carried out as soon as the component design is completed. This preliminary step of the drawing stage of the Stamping die is exceptionally crucial because only a good quality stamping die blueprint can produce perfect stamped components that are durable and require less maintenance.

Press tool die design necessitates selecting manufacturing processes, desired metal stamping operations, basic strip layout, type of stamping presses, etc. A good tool designer thoroughly knows these elements to construct a perfect press tool die design. In the past decade, computer-aided design techniques have been developed to assist Stamping die designers.

A design for accurate production

Various functionalities are involved in press tool die designs essential for accurate production. The first stage in the Stamping die design is evaluating the part to be made, its dimensions, properties, and the complexity of the form. Next, the designer will carry on with the strip layout design,, finalize the cutting force and stamping die-set to be used,, and then start making the assembly sketch. After that, drawing of die parts, part details, and the final step of preparation of the bill of materials is undertaken.

Fundamental operations of Stamping die.

The bare die operations are shearing, drawing, and bending. In Stamping, the metal sheets are placed in a press tool with a cavity mainly designed to give the preferred shape to the metal sheet. The upper part of the Stamping die connects to the press slide, while the lower part connects to the press bed. There are many kinds of Stamping dies, such as single-station, compound, progressive, multiple-station, and tandem press lines.

Stamping could be placed in metal panels or as a series of presses in a press line. Stamping dies, and presses can possess different input variables based on press parallelism, tonnage, shut height, counterbalance pressure, and media speed. The same stamping press can be reused by replacing one die with another. The placement of Stamping dies is known as die setup. The number of parts produced in a die setup is called a batch.

Types of stamping die.

The most common types of Stamping die to perform cutting and forming operations. Cutting dies are used to shear sheet material. Punching is an additional function of cutting dies. Punching removes a slug from the sheet metal stock to produce a slot or hole. The forming operations accomplished by stamping dies are drawing, bending, flanging, and hemming.

Multiple operations could be performed within a single stamping die or at several Stamping die stations within a die set and with a single stroke of the press. Single station stamping can be either combination dies, or compound dies. Multiple station dies are arranged to accomplish a series of sequential operations. 

The design of press tool dies is not just an art but also, in a true sense, a science. It plays an essential role in our day-to-day lives.