Equal Employment Opportunity

Employment is always a hot topic among people and organizations; hence, whether it’s about employment ratio, unemployment rate or equal employment opportunity.

People invariably talk about employment or the existing recruiting process.

Recruitment is a caseless methodology that must be transparent and equal for each candidate. This is what our today’s topic is about: The Equal Employment Opportunity.

Equal employment opportunity is one of the crucial concepts in society. Thus, it should be well highlighted in order to aware each individual associate with it, i.e. employers, employees, and the human resource managers.

In this article, you will get an insight into equal employment opportunity and it’s laws and policy.

What is Equal Employment Opportunity?

Equal employment opportunity is the equivalent chance to retain and maintain employment in any company or other institution. Moreover, employers can engage and interact with the hiring process under the law of EEO. It's not acceptable to discriminate between the candidates on the basis of different criteria.

The Parameters of Discriminations that is Strictly Prohibited

Every candidate deserves a discrimination-free recruitment process and equal job opportunity. Besides, it can’t be deniable that discrimination within the hiring happened many times. This discrimination is the primary reason for not getting equal employment opportunity.

Let’s see what the discrimination parameters are:
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Religion
  • Colour
  • National origin
  • Physical disability
  • Marital status
  • Medical record
  • Spiritual, traditional or customary beliefs
Above are the parameters that should be avoidable while conducting a recruitment process in order to provide equal employment opportunity to all candidates.

EEO (Equal Employment Opportunity) Policy


To eliminate employment discrimination from the process of job opportunity, the EEO policy has been formed.

Through this policy, the government is trying to make a diverse workplace where all the significant elements such as equality, respect and consideration become a new norm. Besides, many more objectives are behind the policy of EEO.

Thus, let’s see the objective Equal Employment Opportunity and Anti-Discrimination Policy.
  • To encourage the employees to take a positive step toward promoting equal opportunity throughout the organization.
  • To ensure employees are treated fairly.
  • Provide equal opportunities by escaping the affecting factors like discrimination, harassment, and victimization.
  • To support equal employment opportunities for women, members of ethnic minorities, aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and people with a disability. Members of these groups have been discriminated against historically, and so may need special extra measures to ensure that they have equal opportunities in all employment areas.


The policy of equal employment opportunity applies to all aspect and factors of the relationship between the company and its employee, including:
  • Recruitment
  • Employment
  • Training
  • Promotion
  • Transfer
  • Working condition
  • Wages and monthly salary
  • Employee benefits
The policy applies to each individual, paid or voluntary. At the same time, employers can be responsible for the behaviour of their employees.

Benefits of Equal Employment Opportunity

Equal employment opportunity law is not only beneficial for individuals(Employee) but also for the organization.

Individuals, i.e., employees, get clarity when it’s about the baseline of accepted behaviour. This is crucial when it comes to a diverse workplace where people belong to different lifestyles, values, and backgrounds.

EEO helps employees be fairly treated and equal, and this equal treatment boosts the employees' productivity and performance.

The organization and employers enjoy the central benefit. Employers can form a more diverse workplace with the law of equal employment opportunity according to the best talent. Many studies have shown that diversity in the workplace improves the retention rate with employee satisfaction. Moreover, it generates more revenue for the company.
  • Relevant Legislation
  • Equal Opportunity Act 2010
  • Racial and Religious Tolerance Act 2001
  • Sex Discrimination Act 1984
  • Racial Discrimination Act 1975
  • Disability Discrimination Act 1992
  • Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission Act 1986
  • Fair Work Act 2009

Related Policy

  • Staff Grievance Policy
  • Code of Conduct
Related post : Employment Law: Do You Need It?

Final about Equal Employment Opportunity

The EEOC is the front-line of the contest for an equal employment opportunity and is the root for EEO practices, process and impacts. The goal is not to neglect the workplace's discrimination but also from hiring, firing, promotion, training, and wages.

One way to offer equal employment opportunities to the candidates is by using advanced technology like the Applicant Tracking System. This technology is unaware of any parameter of discrimination.