Low Blood Pressure and High Blood Pressure
Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to cells and takes waste products away from cells. As blood circulates, it puts pressure against the walls of blood vessels. This pressure should be normal. However, sometimes it becomes low or high. Both are very common conditions. Extremely high blood pressure can cause problems like severe headaches, fatigue, confusion and more. Low blood pressure can cause dizziness, lack of concentration, nausea and a few other symptoms. To avoid these symptoms, you need to monitor your blood pressure. A portable blood pressure monitor or home blood pressure monitor allows you to keep track of your blood pressure. Monitoring blood pressure is important for the health of your heart and organ function.


Now let’s see the difference between low blood pressure and high blood pressure.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Also known as hypertension, high blood pressure occurs when the blood pressure reading is 130/180 or higher. This happens when your heart pumps too much blood into your arteries. In addition to some manageable symptoms, it can also cause life-threatening conditions like stroke and heart attack. This is the most common cardiovascular disease that impacts 1 in every 3 American adults. Many patients don't experience any symptoms of hypertension. This is the reason why they don't even know that they have hypertension. Individuals from the following groups are more likely to suffer from hypertension:
  • Smokers
  • Heavy alcohol drinkers
  • Inactive
  • Overweight
  • Older than 55
  • African-American

Also, consider the history of diabetes, high blood pressure or heart disease in your family. You need to be proactive to avoid the symptoms of high blood pressure. Check your blood pressure using a portable blood pressure monitor if you experience any of the following symptoms:
  • Fatigue or confusion
  • Severe headaches
  • Chest pain
  • Vision problems
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Pounding in your chest, ears or neck
  • Blood in the urine

High blood increases the risk of the following chronic conditions:
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke
  • Coronary artery disease
You can lower the risk of hypertension and even treat it by making some changes in your lifestyle. Eat a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Limit your sodium and caffeine intake. 


Hypotension (Low Blood Pressure)

Also known as hypotension, low blood pressure occurs when blood pressure is 90/60 or lower. In this condition, the flow of blood to the brain, organs and arteries is less than normal. A sudden drop in blood pressure leads to an inadequate blood supply to the brain. This can cause lightheadedness or dizziness. 

The following are the other symptoms of low blood pressure: 
  • Dimming or blurring of vision
  • Unsteadiness
  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Cold, clammy skin
  • Nausea
  • Pale skin
  • Fainting

The causes of low blood pressure are not entirely clear. The following may be the possible cause of low blood pressure: 
  • Age
  • Hormonal changes (low blood sugar, hypothyroidism, and diabetes)
  • Pregnancy
  • Some prescription/over-the-counter medications
  • Arrhythmias or heart failure
  • Heat stroke
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Widening of blood vessels
  • Liver disease
You can prevent hypotension by:
  • Exercising regularly
  • Staying hydrated
  • Eating a diet higher in salt

How to Monitor Blood Pressure

A portable blood pressure monitor is a medical device used for monitoring blood pressure. Use this device on a regular basis to track your blood pressure. If your blood pressure is too high or too low then you should visit your doctor.

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