Software Engineering

Software engineering and computer science share some commonalities. However, there are many differences between these two disciplines. While computer science deals with the interaction between software and hardware systems and computational applications, software engineering deals with designing, building, and testing software products.

If you are skilled in math, science, programming languages, and computing, you can pursue a career as a computer scientist or a software engineer. A closer look at all aspects of these two disciplines and understanding their critical differences can help you make an informed decision concerning your career path.

Computer science

Computing occupations are not only the highest-paying jobs in the U.S. for new graduates but makeup two-thirds of projected jobs in the STEM fields (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math).

Computer science involves the study of computational systems and computers and concentrates on algorithms and data transformation. Computer scientists may work in fields related to machine learning, artificial intelligence, security networks, user interaction, networks and monitoring systems, and mathematical analysis. Computer scientists study the basic principles of programming and software engineering.

The core subjects in computer science programs are physics, math, and computational programming. Computer science typically has a general theoretical focus.

As a four-year study, computer science as a subject is part of the engineering department in universities. Depending on the educational institution, many specializations are available in the field, such as internet computing, artificial intelligence, real-world computing, and security.

The curriculum, as defined by the Association for Computing Machinery, focuses on
  • Algorithms and complexity
  • Computational science
  • Architecture
  • Graphics and visualization
  • User interaction
  • Information management and security
  •  Intelligent systems
  • Operating systems
  • Networking and communications
  • Programming languages
  • Fundamentals of Software Development
  • Systems fundamentals
A computer science degree can help students pursue careers as computer and information research scientists, information security analysts, computer programmers, computer network architects, or systems analysts. Computer and Information Research scientists design and invent new computing technology approaches while researching innovative uses for current technology.

Software engineering

Software engineering as a field relates to the application of engineering principles to software design to solve real-world problems.

The curriculum guidelines for this field were developed by the IEEE Computer Society, Joint Task Force on Computing Curricula, and ACM (Association for Computing Machinery).

The core focus of this program is on
  • Engineering and mathematical fundamentals
  • Software modeling
  • Software analysis
  • Software design
  • Software validation and verification
  • Software Process
  • Software security and quality
Software engineers receive basic training on the interaction between software ,hardware, and algorithms. However, unlike computer science, algorithms are not a focus area in software engineering programs.

The specializations in this field can include network-centric systems, entertainment and games systems, embedded systems, modeling and simulation, and other software design-centric areas.

Software engineering graduates can take positions related to computer network architecture, software development, computer systems analysis, information research, and web analysis.

Software design and development is the key area in software engineering, while computer science focuses on theoretical computing and algorithms.

Which discipline is more complex?

Choosing software engineering or computer science depends on your skills, interests, passion, and career goals. To sum up these two fields,

Computer Science deals mainly with how computers work from a mathematical and theoretical perspective.

If you like and are skilled in mathematics, physics, and computing, Computer Science is the best field for you. This field offers more expansive specialization areas and career prospects, including web development, cloud computing, graphics, artificial intelligence, security, or machine learning.

Software Engineering deals with software systems, design, quality assurance, and testing.

Choose software engineering if you like to solve real-world problems with a practical, hands-on approach.

As a software engineer, you can take up positions such as Software engineer or software development engineer.

Managing professional risks

Whether you choose to be a freelance consultant or set up your software engineering or computer science business, you or your business face the risk of being sued for the quality of your professional work.

Even if you are very good at what you do, errors and omissions, alleged or actual, can happen. As a software engineer or computer science expert, your clients expect high standards of professional work from you, whether it is developing a software product or design a game. If your client believes they experienced revenue loss due to errors, delays, or omissions in your professional services, they can file a lawsuit against you. In case of data loss or theft, your clients can also sue you for compromising sensitive or confidential customer/employee data.

What risks does the Engineer Liability Insurance cover?

An engineer liability insurance protects you against risks associated with
  • Electronic transfer of data
  • Web-hosting functions
  • Privacy liability
  • Technology products
  • Technology-based services
  • Computer network security
  • Privacy liability
Engineer Liability Insurance protects you against the financial repercussions of these lawsuits by covering the costs of legal defense, judgment, and settlements.

Many Tech and Information Technology business owners purchase Engineer Insurance, including cybersecurity insurance. Visit this website to buy comprehensive Engineer Liability Insurance.