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You might be surprised that both women and men are born with breast tissues. The difference is that men have these tissues in smaller amounts when compared to women. However, some men sometimes suffer from enlargement of these tissues, resulting in a flabby chest. In scientific terms, this condition is known as Gynecomastia. It is often called “man boobs” or “male breasts.” This condition is curable through medicines and surgeries depending on the grades and types of Gynecomastia. This means that grade 1 gynecomastia surgery will be different from grade 2, grade 3, and 4. If you are considering undergoing one of these male breast reduction surgeries, learning more about the types and steps is essential. Read on to learn more about this medical condition and its treatment.

What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is surprisingly a common disorder, and it is not age-specific. However, adolescent boys and men in their 40s are said to be at higher risk of developing enlarged breast tissues. In this condition, enlargement of glandular tissues gives the male chest an appearance similar to the female breast. However, this disorder is entirely treatable with minor to major surgeries. Sometimes, it can be treated with the help of medication, too. Changing lifestyle, diet and incorporating regular physical activity can also bring positive changes.

The term Gynecomastia comes from the Greek words "Dynamik" and "master," which mean "female" and "breasts," respectively. And men are at risk of developing this problem in infancy, during puberty, and after the 40s.

Causes of Gynecomastia

While there are many reasons why Gynecomastia can occur in men, the primary goal remains a hormonal imbalance. In life, like women, men go through hormonal changes, too, at various stages. Due to reason, when the balance between testosterone (male hormone) and estrogen (female hormone) changes, it results in the swelling and enlargement of breast tissues in men. A person suffering from this condition experiences pain and discomfort around the breast area. Some other reasons for developing this disorder include aftereffects of using certain drugs and medicines like anabolic steroids, anti-anxiety, antibiotics, ulcer medications, or medical conditions like hyperthyroidism.

More about Gynecomastia

It may not be a life-threatening disease. However, it is gravely dangerous to a person’s self-esteem and confidence. It can get embarrassing for young boys, resulting in depression and isolation.

This condition is often mistaken for obesity or excess fat deposit around the chest region. It usually occurs on both sides of the chest. However, there are instances where it is visible only on one side of the chest. Also, the size of both breasts may differ. It is suggested that the degree and severity of Gynecomastia may vary. Therefore, the disorder has been classified into various grades or types, explaining the different levels of the condition.

Grades or Types of Gynecomastia

Grade 1 type of Gynecomastia is the mildest occurrence of the disorder. In this condition, there is a slight increase in the size of the breast, mainly due to the appearance of a localized button of a tissue situated very close to the areola. It might be different in color than the rest of the breast tissue. Also, it is slightly visible and not very noticeable with clothes on. This particular condition can be treated with dietary changes, exercises, and medication. Surgery is not recommended at this stage.

Grade 2 type of Gynecomastia is mild to high in severity and visibility. There is a moderate increase in the size of tissues that goes slightly beyond the areola. In this stage, lifestyle changes and medications can make a visible difference. This condition may only be noticed easily if someone is wearing snug clothes.

The breast enlargement is visible in the grade 3 type of Gynecomastia, which is much larger than Grades 1 and 2. The growth is such that it gives an appearance closer to female breasts. At first, medication can be tried to reduce the problem. However, in cases where the body does not respond to dietary supplements and drugs, a surgical procedure is recommended.

Grade 4 type of Gynecomastia is prominent and highly feminine in appearance. This can cause severe psychological issues for a person. And it can only be treated through surgical procedures.

Gynecomastia Surgery

When all other treatments fail, gynecomastia surgery promises guaranteed results. There are compression shirts, exercises, dietary supplements, and hormonal medication before one is suggested to undergo surgery. The operation is an invasive procedure that may have some potential side effects. Therefore, it is essential to consult a doctor for the proper treatment depending on the severity of the disorder.
Nonetheless, gynecomastia surgery is a rising trend, and many patients opt for male breast reduction surgery. There are several precautions that one must observe before undergoing the procedure. And finding a reputable clinic and a surgeon must be the top priority for the person before making the final decision.