Improving confidence and more projects in the construction sector are providing a boost in demand for locally manufactured, industrial waste-derived, environment-friendly paints, says Amoriguard technical director and paint chemist Ryan Purchase.
The Amoriguard A-Gain paints Рthe alkali-resistant primer and the topcoat Рare made using industrial waste products. The product's certification body, Agr̩ment South Africa, certified the paints as suitable for construction in 2016.
In decorative paint coatings, a significant percentage of the total formula consists of fillers or extenders, minerals typically added to increase volume and reduce cost. These include calcium carbonate, talc, silica, mica, clay, and kaolin, explains Purchase.
Depending on particle shape and size, some will contribute to film properties. He says that after three years of extensive research and evaluation of various industry wastes, Amoriguard is now made using specific waste resources to replace most fillers and a percentage of the pigment.
“Compared with using unrefined wastes, the products in the final selection are all processed waste, which ensures consistency of the products used in our formulations.”
These coatings are, therefore, sustainable, with levels of volatile organic compounds, alkyl phenol ethoxylate, glycol, ammonia, and formaldehyde far below the typical regulated levels globally, he says.
The A-Gain coatings are formulated below critical pigment volume concentration, which means that most voids between the pigment and filler particles in the dried film are filled with solid binder instead of air.
The plaster primer and the topcoat are high-solid films that dry to ultra-matt, finely textured finishes, ideal for hiding surface imperfections and irregularities. While the amount of waste used could be reduced, the decision was made to keep it as high as possible to maximize consumed per liter of patterned.
The topcoat is hydrophobic, meaning the coating has excellent water resistance, and water tends to bead on the surface and run off instead of wetting and darkening the paint film.
Demand for ‘green’ coatings is increasing in the South African market, with local and international organizations driving this move, including the Green Building Council of South Africa and international organizations like Australia-based environmental consultancy EcoSpecifier.
Amoriguard was developed after Professor Mulalo Doyoyo was introduced to Purchase by petrochemicals subsidiary Sasol Chemcity. They have a shared passion for finding uses for waste materials and, with the support of Sasol Chemcity, are evaluating various waste materials for possible use in decorative paints.