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Why Muslims Celebrate Shab e Barat?



saviour is the night when Allah is ready to forgive the sinners. It is the night that most of the Muslims expect a reversal in their fortunes in the next calendar.

In simple terms, it is a holiday that is observed by Muslims all over the world on the night between day 14 and 15 of Sha’ban which is the eighth month of the Islamic Calendar. It is also known as Bara’at Night or Mid-Sha’ban which means the night of records.

There are several reasons why the larger Muslim community celebrates this night. It is considered that this is the night when Allah writes the fortune of his people after taking all the misconducts and sins of the past into account. Muslims all over the world spend the entire night repenting and asking God for mercy. Everybody wants to give God a simple reason for him to compassionate to them in the future.

Believers at the family level ask for forgiveness for the deceased and for this reason they usually visit their graves, light candles and lament with them. They take special prayers for the deceased asking Allah to benevolent on them wherever they are. The celebrations may also differ from place to place.

For example, in Iraq, people usually mark this day by distributing sweets to children. In Bangladesh, people typically fast during the day. Similarly, some people like to share Shab e Barat wishes with their loved ones.

Shab e Barat is also an extraordinary day for Muslims because the birthday of Muhammad al-Mahdi who was the twelfth Imam of Shia Muslim is celebrated. He’s considered to be the savior of the universe and for this reason, people usually celebrate his birthday with a lot of joy and happiness.

People also believe that this is the day that God saved Noah’s ark, and for this reason, Sunni Muslims celebrates the day to mark God’s mercy to his people. It is a special night for blessings and for this reason Muslims spend it in divine service.

There are five sacred nights of Muslim according to Imam Nawawi, and one of them is the night of 15th of Shaban. Besides spending the night praying and worshipping Allah, it is also recommended to fast the next day. Hazrat Ali reports that when this night comes, all Muslims should spend it praying and praising and eventually fast the next day.

People also come close as a family or congregation in Mosques to offer special prayers together. Previously, Muslims also illuminated their houses and celebrated the night as a birthday for the Imam. Others come together in their families to recite the Quran and eventually pray together.

There is no satisfactory argument on whether Shab e Barat should be celebrated or not. There’s also no clear guidance on how the day and the night of Shab e Barat should be celebrated. It is that simple for you to choose what you should do at the night of Shab e Barat and make up your mind on how to seek forgiveness, blessings and divine intervention for the coming year.

I hope now you have understood why Muslims celebrate it and what the importance of it for them is.

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