Table 7 shows the prevalence estimates and the total number of people living with HIV from 2002 to 2016.
The total number of persons living with HIV in South Africa increased from an estimated 4,72 million in 2002 to 7,03 million by 2016. For 2015, an estimated 12,7% of the total population is HIV positive. Shisana et al. (2012) estimated the HIV prevalence for 2012 at 12,2,%. Approximately one-fifth of South African women in their reproductive ages are HIV positive.

HIV prevalence among the youth aged 15-24 has declined overt time from 7,6% in 2002 to 5,6 in 2016. The rate at which the population in South Africa is being infected is declining year on year from 1,77% in 2002 to 1,27% in 2016.