The 55-year-old Australian has agreed a four-year deal with the Rugby Football Union (RFU) and will start in December.
The former Australia and Japan coach succeeds Stuart Lancaster, whose three-and-a-half-year tenure ended after England's failed World Cup campaign.
"I hope to build a new team that will reflect the talent that exists within the English game. I believe the future is bright for England," Jones said.
"I'm now looking forward to working with the RFU and the players to move beyond the disappointment England suffered at the World Cup."
Jones, who will take his first news conference at 13:00 GMT on Friday, leaves his role as head coach of South African franchise the Stormers - who he only joined in September after leading Japan in the World Cup.
His first match will be England's Six Nations opener against Scotland at Murrayfield on 6 February.